List of Stock Markets

worlds largest stock exchanges

The SIX Swiss Exchange offers various investment opportunities, including equities, bonds, derivatives, and exchange-traded funds (ETFs). It is home to many of Switzerland’s largest and most successful companies, including Nestle, Novartis, and Roche. As we enter 2023, let’s look at the top 15 stock markets in the world, where investors are eyeing lucrative opportunities and betting on promising companies. Bolsas y Mercados Españoles is a Spanish exchange company that operates the BME exchanges. These exchanges are located in Barcelona, Bilbo, Madrid, and Valencia and all of thee have the same MIC of BMEX.

It was established in 1891 and is owned by Hong Kong Exchanges and Clearing Ltd. Nicknamed “The Big Board”, it has remained the largest stock market in the world since the end of World War I, when it surpassed the London Stock Exchange. The NYSE is headquartered at 11 Wall Street in Manhattan, and its building was recognized as a national landmark in 1978. Almost every country in the world has a stock exchange with some countries having multiple exchanges. There are over 60 major exchanges across the globe with the total market cap of over $85 trillion. The top 18 stock exchanges have a total value of $77 trillion which makes up around 90% of the total global stock exchange market cap.

worlds largest stock exchanges

The other two are the Shenzhen Stock Exchange and the Stock Exchange of Hong Kong Limited. It is the world’s fourth largest in terms of market capitalization, totaling $5 billion in late 2017. Its main index is the SSE Composite, though it also has the SSE 50 and the SSE 180. The Dow Jones is the most famous stock market index and was founded in New York on May 26, 1896 by Charles Henry Dow, editor of The Wall Street Journal, which was the creator of many other indexes over the years. In the beginning, 12 companies traded on the Dow Jones, while today, 30 form part of it, of which only General Electric has remained since the beginning. The first Dow Jones index obtained a value of 40.94 points, and today, its listing stands around 25,000 points.

Tehran Stock Exchange

No representation or warranty is given as to the accuracy or completeness of this information. Consequently any person acting on it does so entirely at their own risk. Any research provided does not have regard to the specific investment objectives, financial situation and needs of any specific person who may receive it. It has not been prepared in accordance with legal requirements designed to promote the independence of investment research and as such is considered to be a marketing communication.

It is one of the two stock exchanges in China, the other being the Shenzhen Stock Exchange. The Deutsche Borse, based in Frankfurt, can trace its roots to 1585, when a group of merchants decided to standardize the exchange rates of different currencies used within the German territories. In 2011, the exchange tried to merge with NYSE Euronext to create the largest stock exchange in the world. However, the European Commission blocked the deal, arguing that it would have led to a “quasi-monopoly in the area of European financial derivatives” traded throughout the world.

IG International Limited receives services from other members of the IG Group including IG Markets Limited. If you don’t feel ready to start trading, you can learn more about financial markets with IG Academy’s range of online courses. The Euronext Stock Exchange is based in Amsterdam, Netherlands, but it is a pan-European exchange – it spans the Netherlands, Portugal, Belgium, France, Ireland and the UK. It was founded in 2000 to represent the economy of Europe as a whole, which is why it operates in euros. The key market players are Investment banks, FII’s, Indian family offices and Indian Institutional investors.

What are the four types of stocks?

It has 3,752 listed companies with a market capitalization of $6.64 trillion as of January 31, 2021. The Group was formed through the merger of Tokyo Stock Exchange and Osaka Securities Exchange. The closest stock exchange to join the ”$1 trillion club” is the Spanish Stock Exchange (BME) at $851 billion market cap.

The bourse had a market capitalization of $3.2 trillion as of January 2023. Additionally, the LSE is one of the most unique exchanges in the world, where shares are traded in the Great British Pence instead of the Pound. The Hong Kong Exchanges and Clearing Limited, or HKEx, operates both a securities and a derivatives market in Hong Kong. HKEx was formed through the merger of the securities and futures trading units in 2000 and was taken public following the merger.

Energy Efficiency Market In Africa

The Japan Stock Exchange, also known as the Tokyo Stock Exchange (TSE), is one of the world’s largest and most prestigious stock exchanges. The TSE provides investors access to various industries, from automotive and electronics to healthcare and finance. The TSE has a strong international presence, with many listed companies operating in global markets. As such, investors in the TSE have exposure to global economic trends and can benefit from diversification across different geographic regions. The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) is the world’s largest stock exchange by trade volume and market capitalization of listed securities. NYSE is home to about 2,400 companies with a cumulative market capitalization of over $26 trillion.

  • The Shanghai Stock Exchange was founded in late November 1990, and trading started one month later.
  • It was actually the largest stock exchange in the world up until the end of World War I, when it was dethroned by the NYSE.
  • Warren Buffett’s mentor, Benjamin Graham, is widely considered the father of the stock market.
  • Tracing its roots to coffee shops as early as the 17th century, the London Stock Exchange, based in London’s financial district, is now Europe’s largest stock exchange by market capitalization.
  • A BCG-Patch survey revealed that only 34% of U.S. consumers are familiar with carbon credits, and only 3% have purchased them in the past.
  • Stock markets began as physical locations where traders gathered buy and sell shares but most trades are now conducted online.

For instance, a 15 km daily commute to work on public transport generates an average of 1,464 g of CO₂ emissions. Compared to 3,360 g—twice the volume for a journey the same length by car. While many large businesses and countries have committed to net-zero goals, it is essential to acknowledge that your everyday activities also contribute to global emissions. Discover how the average person’s carbon footprint impacts the environment and learn how carbon credits can offset your carbon footprint.

Shenzhen Stock Exchange

In general, the two market indices are reflective of stock market sentiments. For example, investors are considered to be optimistic about the economy’s prospects if the indices move upward and vice versa. Largest stock exchange in Africa is based in Johannesburg (JSE), South Africa with the market cap of just over $1 trillion. It is worth pointing out that it was the first stock exchange to reach $1 trillion market cap in Africa. Computing giant NVIDIA topped the charts in 2001 and triumphed again 15 years later in 2016.

worlds largest stock exchanges

Even as other markets continue to grow, U.S. exchanges are likely to remain a preferred destination for investors around the world for years to come. These two major listing hubs dwarf all other exchanges around the world. In fact, the NYSE on its own is larger than the Shanghai, Shenzhen, Japan, and Euronext exchanges put together.

The London Stock Exchange (LSE) qualifies as a top-five stock market, with an estimated $2.2 trillion in stock market capitalization from the companies listed on its exchange. Its estimated founding was 1801, or nearly a decade following the opening of the NYSE. The Shenzhen Stock Exchange had a market capitalisation of $3.49 trillion in March 2018, which made it the eighth largest stock exchange in the world. The market capitalisation of the London Stock Exchange was $4.38 trillion in March 2018. Traders can track the performance of the LSE, and its market capitalisation, with the Financial Times Stock Exchange Index 100 Share Index, or FTSE 100.

These trends have continued into January with global natural gas open interest up 14% year-over-year, including 21% growth in North America. The exchange has come a long way since then — there were 3,974 companies trading on the exchange as of November, more than any exchange in the Americas and second only to BSE India’s 5,180. The Toronto Stock Exchange merged with the Canadian Venture Exchange, consisting of the Vancouver and Alberta Stock Exchanges, in 2001 to create the TSX Group. Then in 2007, the Montreal Exchange and TSX Group merged to form today’s TMX Group. The Toronto Stock Exchange also tried to merge with the London Stock Exchange in 2011, but dropped plans after it became evident that shareholders of TMX Group would not approve. The Shanghai Stock Exchange (SSE), founded November 26, 1990, is one of the three independently operated markets in the Popular Republic of China.

Hong Kong Stock Exchange

The American Stock Exchange (AMEX) got its start in the 1800’s and was known as the “Curb Exchange” until 1921 because it met as a market at the curbstone on Broad Street near Exchange Place. Its founding date is generally considered as 1921 because this is the year when it moved into new quarters on Trinity. However, it wasn’t until 1953 that it officially became the American Stock Exchange. Founded by the National Association of Securities Dealers, the NASDAQ began trading on February 8, 1971, as the world’s first electronic stock market, trading for over 2,500 securities. The development of scientific techniques to analyze price movements and individual equities and sophisticated modeling has transformed the stock market and it has become a means to generate and multiply wealth.

  • NSE is also the first exchange in the world to use satellite communication technology for trading.
  • As of April 2018, the BSE is the world’s 10th largest stock exchange with an overall market capitalization of more than US$2.3 trillion.
  • It has not been prepared in accordance with legal requirements designed to promote the independence of investment research and as such is considered to be a marketing communication.
  • A stronger national currency is part of the reason behind the increasing size of the TSE.
  • The SZSE trades shares in Chinese yuan because the companies listed on the Shenzhen Stock Exchange are primarily based in China.

There were 2,585 companies listed on the exchange at the end of November, more than any exchange in North America. Major companies listed on the exchange include Apple, Microsoft and Starbucks. In 2007, NASDAQ merged with the Swedish and Finnish OMX to create NASDAQ OMX Group. The company earned $89 million in the third-quarter, down from $102 million in the quarter last year.

National Stock Exchange of India (NSE)

NSE has also created the National Securities Depository Limited (NSDL) which allows investors to securely hold and transfer their shares and bonds electronically. Also, investment by any one FII in any particular firm should not be more than 10% of the paid-up capital of the company. Regulations allows a separate 10% ceiling on investment for each of the sub-accounts of FII.

The TSX has 2,207 listed companies with a combined market cap of $2.1 trillion, earning it a place among the world’s top 10 largest stock exchanges. Euronext is the seventh largest stock exchange in the world, with a market capitalisation of $4.36 trillion. Because the exchange includes several countries, there are 1300 listed companies and 30 stock indices that can be used to track its performance. There are 60 major global stock exchanges that range in size and trading volume – from the New York Stock Exchange to tiny local exchanges.

About $53.8 billion worth of securities were traded on average throughout 2012. As of the end of June, the HKEx had a market capitalization of almost $2.4 billion, making it only slightly smaller than the Shanghai stock exchange. But the exchange has 1,540 companies listed, significantly more than the 954 companies on the Shanghai Exchange. Major companies traded on the HKEx include PetroChina, Industrial and Commercial Bank of China and China Mobile. Japan Exchange Group (JSX) is the fourth largest stock exchange in the world.

Leave A Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *