What Is Double Declining Depreciation?


For example, the double declining balance method may be more suitable for assets with a short useful life or expected to generate significant revenues or cost savings in the early years of their use. The straight-line method may be more suitable for assets with a long useful life or a stable level of productivity. The units of production method may be more suitable for used assets or expected to generate significant revenues or cost savings based on their usage or productivity. Let’s assume that a retailer purchases fixtures on January 1 at a cost of $100,000. It is expected that the fixtures will have no salvage value at the end of their useful life of 10 years.

What is double declining balance depreciation example?

Example of Double Declining Balance Depreciation Method

First year: The basic rate of depreciation (20%) multiplied by the book value ($50,000, same as the cost of the asset in the first year) is $10,000. Multiplied by two, the amount of depreciation claimed in the first year would be $20,000.

It helps the https://www.bookstime.com/ in reducing tax liability by charging higher depreciation expenses in the initial years of the asset’s useful life. Also, in some cases, certain assets are more valuable or usable during the initial year of their lives. Therefore, by using the double-declining method, i.e. charging high depreciation expenses in initial years, the company can match the cost with the benefit derived through the use of the asset in a better way. The importance of the double-declining method of depreciation can be explained through the following scenarios.

Calculating the Double Declining Depreciation Method

The length of time you hold the stock acquired from the exercise of an option influences the type of income. Tracking, documenting, and reimbursing employees for their business travel expenses can be a pain. If you have a side job, be sure to pay your income tax throughout the year. You’ll need to pay taxes directly to the IRS via quarterly estimated tax payments. Under straight-line depreciation, the depreciation expense would be $4,600 annually—$25,000 minus $2,000 x 20%. First, since the depreciation expense is higher in the initial years, this leads to lower profits in earlier years.


IASs do not restrict the entity to use any particular method for depreciation purposes. But as said above the method selected should reflect the consumption pattern of benefits. The Excel equivalent function for Double Declining Balance Method is DDB will calculate depreciation for the chosen period. Changing the value of “factor” can be accomplished using our Declining Balance Method Depreciation Calculator. The impact on financial statements when deciding whether to use the double declining balance method.

Summary Definition

Next year when you do your calculations, the book value of the ice cream truck will be $18,000. We’ll now move on to a modeling exercise, which you can access by filling out the form below. Are reduced by $ 100,000 and moved to the Property, plant, and equipment line of the balance sheet. Determine the salvage value of the asset, i.e., the value at which the asset can be sold or disposed of after its useful life is over. The total expense over the life of the asset will be the same under both approaches.

  • The declining method multiplies the book value of the asset by the double declining depreciation rate.
  • However, the total amount of depreciation expense during the life of the assets will be the same.
  • Because the double declining balance method allocates a more significant portion of the asset’s cost to the early years of its useful life, it can result in higher depreciation expenses in these early years.
  • Are you looking for a comprehensive explanation of the double-declining balance method?
  • Depreciation is an accounting process by which a company allocates an asset’s cost throughout itsuseful life.
  • Stop Calculating depreciation in the year after the depreciable cost falls below the salvage value of the vehicle.

It also matches revenues to double declining balance method in that assets usually perform more poorly over time, so more expenses are recognized when the performance and income is higher. Assume a company purchases a piece of equipment for $20,000 and this piece of equipment has a useful life of 10 years and asalvage valueof $1,000. The depreciation rate would be calculated by multiplying the straight-line rate by two. In this case the straight-line rate would be 100 percent divided by the asset useful life or 10 percent. Double-declining depreciation, defined as an accelerated method of depreciation, is a GAAP approved method for discounting the value of equipment as it ages. It depreciates a tangible asset using twice the straight-line depreciation rate.

Advantages of Double Declining Balance Depreciation

A similar process will be repeated each year throughout the asset’s useful life, or till the point we reach the salvage value of the asset. The two most common accelerated depreciation methods are double-declining balance and the sum of the years’ digits. Here’s a depreciation guide and overview of the double-declining balance method.

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